Sunday, July 16, 2017

Passion flower

Passion flower, genus Passiflora, also called the wild apricot, the may-pop and the ocoee. The passion flower is native to the United States and Brazil: it grows preferably in dry soils.

Some species can survive northern European winters outdoors but most have to be brought into a greenhouse or a cool room for the winter. The plant has woody, sarmentose stems covered by a grayish bark; axillary filiform tendrils; alternate, plamate, trilobed, finely denate leaves terminated by glandular petioles.
Passion flower usually have five sepals and five petals, which are difficult to distinguish, five staments, three stigmata and around these a circle of filaments which looks like a “crown of thorns”.

Because the flower was thought to display various signs form the Passion of Christ the plant was called passionflower.

Passion flower used in food as flavoring agent. It has been reported to have analgesic and sedative properties, it depresses motor activity, increases rate of respiration and produces a transient reduction in blood pressure.
Passion flower
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